Thursday, September 22, 2022

hydrogen is the universal energy.


Hydrogen contains 3x more energy per weight than jet fuel, and enables vastly longer trips. It is the most energetic non-nuclear fuel and aviation is the most weight-sensitive application.


Hydrogen is a true zero-carbon fuel. It is made from water and its only emission is water.


Hydrogen will be at cost parity with jet fuel starting in 2025, with costs decreasing exponentially.


Hydrogen is significantly safer than jet fuel. It has a great safety record in hydrogen-powered vehicles.

What is hydrogen?

Hydrogen is a clean alternative to methane, also known as natural gas. It’s the most abundant chemical element, estimated to contribute 75% of the mass of the universe.

Here on earth, vast numbers of hydrogen atoms are contained in water, plants, animals and, of course, humans. But while it’s present in nearly all molecules in living things, it’s very scarce as a gas – less than one part per million by volume.

Hydrogen can be produced from a variety of resources, such as natural gas, nuclear power, biogas and renewable power like solar and wind. The challenge is harnessing hydrogen as a gas on a large scale to fuel our homes and businesses.

Why is hydrogen important as a future clean energy source?

A fuel is a chemical that can be ‘burnt’ to provide useful energy. Burning normally means that chemical bonds between the elements in the fuel are broken and the elements chemically combine with oxygen (often from the air).

For many years, we’ve used natural gas to heat our homes and businesses, and for power stations to generate electricity. In the UK, 85% of homes and 40% of the country’s electricity currently relies on gas; in the US, 47% of households rely on natural gas and 36% on electricity1.

Methane is the main constituent of ‘natural gas’ from oil and gas fields. We’ve continued to use natural gas because it’s a readily available resource, it’s cost effective and it’s a cleaner alternative to coal – the dirtiest fossil fuel that we historically relied on for heating and to generate electricity.

When natural gas is burnt, it provides heat energy. But a waste product alongside water is carbon dioxide, which when released into the atmosphere contributes to climate change. When we burn hydrogen, the only waste product is water vapour.

What is the difference between blue hydrogen and green hydrogen?

Blue hydrogen is produced from non-renewable energy sources, by using one of two primary methods. Steam methane reformation is the most common method for producing bulk hydrogen and accounts for most of the world’s production. This method uses a reformer, which reacts steam at a high temperature and pressure with methane and a nickel catalyst to form hydrogen and carbon monoxide.

Alternatively, autothermal reforming uses oxygen and carbon dioxide or steam to react with methane to form hydrogen. The downside of these two methods is that they produce carbon as a by-product, so carbon capture and storage (CCS) is essential to trap and store this carbon.

Green hydrogen is produced by using electricity to power an electrolyser that splits the hydrogen from water molecules. This process produces pure hydrogen, with no harmful by-products. An added benefit is that, because this method uses electricity, it also offers the potential to divert any excess electricity – which is hard to store (like surplus wind power) – to electrolysis, using it to create hydrogen gas that can be stored for future energy needs.

Find out more about the hydrogen colour spectrum

Hydrogen molecule graphic for National Grid's Energy Explained - what is hydrogen?

Is hydrogen already being used as a fuel?

Yes. There are already cars that run on hydrogen fuel cells. In Japan there are 96 public hydrogen refuelling stations, allowing you to fill up just as you would with petrol or diesel and in the same time frame as a traditional fuel car. Germany has 80 of these hydrogen stations and the United States is third with 42 stations.

Hydrogen is also an exciting lightweight fuel option for road, air and shipping transportation. The international delivery company DHL already has a fleet of 100 ‘H2 panel vans’, capable of travelling 500kms without refuelling.

What are the potential brakes to speeding up hydrogen use as a clean energy?

For hydrogen to be a viable alternative to methane, it has to be produced at scale, economically and the current infrastructure needs to be adapted.

The good news is that hydrogen can be transported through gas pipelines, minimising disruption and reducing the amount of expensive infrastructure needed to build a new hydrogen transmission network. There would also be no need for a culture change in our home lives, as people are used to using natural gas for cooking and heating, and hydrogen energy equivalents are emerging.

Tuesday, May 10, 2022

mental health and nature

Research shows the connection between nutrients and our mental state. The Western diet is often nutritionally deficient and our food produced from depleted soil containing pesticides and other chemicals.

Our brains are among the biggest consumers of nutrients.  Studies show that by supplementing with high strength micronutrients, it is possible to overcome mental health conditions naturally. See studies.

The best-researched micronutrient supplements over 20 years are those by Hardy Nutritionals. Now these micronutrient therapies are approved 

Daily Essential Nutrients (DENs) are the key Hardy clinical supplement for mood and anxiety disorders such as Bipolar, Depression, ADHD, Autism, OCD, Insomnia and others. For questions about DENs 

As well as micronutrient support, when working with an experienced therapist in counselling and psychotherapy the causes, not just the symptoms can be identified and then released over a period of time.

Other activities have been scientifically proven to support us such as yogameditation and mindfulnessexercise and being in nature. These have been investigated by our psychiatric

Saturday, April 23, 2022

we are all sick 😷

we are all sick 😷

Yes, you have read it right we are all sick That's right, we're all sick.

Both physically and mentally.

Yeah, I was hoping you disagreed. Excellent. So instead of natural ways to farm, we use pesticides. They are systemic pesticides, which means they enter the plant and run from the roots and through the leaves of a plant. There is a long-term residual effect on plants and soils. There is a link between pesticides and cancer, autism, and other illnesses when we eat these plants. Glyphosate systemic herbicide and crop desiccantHowever, glyphosate is a systemic herbicide as well. This substance is used to kill weeds, especially annual broadleaf weeds and grasses that compete with crops. weeds, especially annual broadleaf weeds and grasses that compete with crops glyphosate Exposure in Your Food Glyphosate can also be found in your food. Many farmers use glyphosate products in their fields and orchards. They spray it on crops like corn and soybeans that are genetically engineered to withstand glyphosate, also known as GMOs. They also spray it on non-GMO crops like wheat, barley, oats, and beans, to dry out the crops so they can harvest them sooner. It gets into foods early in the food chain, before raw food is harvested and before it’s processed. Herbicides and Your HealthGlyphosate is a popular herbicide used to kill certain plants and grasses, manage how plants grow, get crops ready for harvest, and ripen fruit. It’s been in the news recently because of concerns about health risks. Where Is Glyphosate Used? Glyphosate is one of the world’s most common herbicides. It’s the active ingredient in popular weed-control products like Roundup, Rodeo, and Pondmaster. Many farmers use it during food production. It’s often used on:

  • Fruit and vegetable crops

  • Glyphosate-resistant crops like canola, corn, cotton, soybeans, sugar beets, and wheat

  • Plantings, lawns, greenhouses, aquatic plants, and forest plantings

Exposure to Glyphosate in Your Lawn and Garden If you use a weed killer with glyphosate on your lawn or garden, you may be exposed to glyphosate by breathing it in, getting it on your skin, or getting it in your eyes. Your risk goes up if you:

  • Eat or smoke after applying it and don’t wash your hands first

  • Touch plants that are still wet from it

Exposure to Glyphosate in Your Food You may also be exposed to glyphosate in your food. Many farmers use glyphosate products in their fields and orchards. They spray it on crops like corn and soybeans that are genetically engineered to withstand glyphosate, also known as GMOs. They also spray it on non-GMO crops like wheat, barley, oats, and beans, to dry out the crops so they can harvest them sooner. It gets into foods early in the food chain, before raw food is harvested and before it’s processed.Which Foods Have Glyphosate? You may have heard in recent news that oat-based products like oatmeal, cereal, granola bars, and snack bars have glyphosate. In one report from California scientists and the World Health Organization, 43 of 45 oat-based products tested had it. Popular breakfast foods like Quaker Old Fashioned Oats and Cheerios had above-average levels. It’s also in grain and bean products like pasta, buckwheat, barley, kidney beans, and chickpeas. Some foods may surprise you, like avocados, apples, blueberries, cherries, cucumbers, dates, dried peas, garlic, lemons, olives, peanuts, pomegranates, potatoes, rice, spinach, sugarcane, tobacco, tomatoes, and walnuts. Is It in Organic Foods? To limit your exposure, buy organic products. Glyphosate is banned in organic farming. But that doesn’t eliminate it. In the World Health Organization report, one-third of organic oat products tested had traces of glyphosate. But they were below levels associated with risk. It’s possible glyphosate drifts over from nearby fields with conventionally grown crops or during cross-contamination at processing facilities that handle non-organic crops. Long-Term Health Risks Short-term exposure to glyphosate isn’t something you need to worry much about. Experts say it’s less toxic than table salt. But its long-term risk may be a concern. Scientists are divided on how much risk is involved. Reports show conflicting results. And keep in mind that most studies involve animals, not people:

  • Cancer. Some studies suggest glyphosate may be linked to cancer. Others suggest there’s no link. It’s a controversial topic. The International Agency for Research on Cancer categorizes glyphosate as a probable carcinogen for humans. In 2020, the EPA released a statement that glyphosate does not pose a risk to humans as long as it is used according to directions. They also stated that it is unlikely that it causes cancer in humans.

  • Liver and kidney damage. Glyphosate may affect your kidney and liver. Studies of dairy cows eating a diet of soybeans with high levels of glyphosate had higher risks of liver and kidney damage.

  • Reproductive and developmental issues. The EPA released a statement in 2020 that there was no evidence that glyphosate interfered with the endocrine system or hormones in humans.

  • Risk for pregnant women and children. Some scientists are concerned that pregnant women and children may have higher risks because children and developing fetuses may be more susceptible to carcinogens. But the EPA says there’s no evidence that glyphosate is a developmental or reproductive toxin, so they don't feel that they are at any higher risk.

  • Other forms of pollution

  • The pollution we already know the consequences of fumes from the exhaust gas fossil fuels again cancers and others sickness

  • Plastic pollution microplastics

  • Microplastic pollution has been detected in human blood for the first time, with scientists finding the tiny particles in almost 80% of the people tested.

  • The discovery shows the particles can travel around the body and may lodge in organs. The impact on health is as yet unknown. But researchers are concerned as microplastics cause damage to human cells in the laboratory and air pollution particles are already known to enter the body and cause millions of early deaths a year.

  • Huge amounts of plastic waste are dumped in the environment and microplastics now contaminate the entire planet, from the summit of Mount Everest to the deepest oceans. People were already known to consume the tiny particles via food and water as well as breathe them in, and they have been found in the faeces of babies and adults. The scientists analysed blood samples from 22 anonymous donors, all healthy adults and found plastic particles in 17. Half the samples contained PET plastic, which is commonly used in drinks bottles, while a third contained polystyrene, used for packaging food and other products. A quarter of the blood samples contained polyethene, from which plastic carrier bags are made. “Our study is the first indication that we have polymer particles in our blood – ​it’s a breakthrough result,” said Prof Dick Vethaak, an ecotoxicologist at Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam in the Netherlands. “But we have to extend the research and increase the sample sizes, the number of polymers assessed, etc.” Further studies by several groups are already underway, he said.

  • It is certainly reasonable to be concerned,” Vethaak told the Guardian. “The particles are there and are transported throughout the body.” He said previous work had shown that microplastics were 10 times higher in the faeces of babies compared with adults and that babies fed with plastic bottles are swallowing millions of microplastic particles a day. “We also know in general that babies and young children are more vulnerable to chemical and particle exposure,” he said. “That worries me a lot.” The new research is published in the journal Environment International and adapted existing techniques to detect and analyse particles as small as 0.0007mm. Some of the blood samples contained two or three types of plastic. The team used steel syringe needles and glass tubes to avoid contamination and tested for background levels of microplastics using blank samples.

  • Vethaak acknowledged that the amount and type of plastic varied considerably between the blood samples. “But this is a pioneering study,” he said, with more work now needed. He said the differences might reflect short-term exposure before the blood samples were taken, such as drinking from a plastic-lined coffee cup or wearing a plastic face mask. “The big question is what is happening in our body?” Vethaak said. “Are the particles retained in the body? Are they transported to certain organs, such as getting past the blood-brain barrier?” And are these levels sufficiently high to trigger disease? We urgently need to fund further research so we can find out.” The new research was funded by the Dutch National Organisation for Health Research and Development and Common Seas, a social enterprise working to reduce plastic pollution.

  • Plastic production is set to double by 2040,” said Jo Royle, founder of the charity Common Seas. “We have a right to know what all this plastic is doing to our bodies.” Common Seas, along with more than 80 NGOs, scientists and MPs, are asking the UK government to allocate £15m to research the human health impacts of plastic. The EU is already funding research on the impact of microplastic on foetuses and babies, and on the immune system. A recent study found that microplastics can latch onto the outer membranes of red blood cells and may limit their ability to transport oxygen. The particles have also been found in the placentas of pregnant women, and in pregnant rats, they pass rapidly through the lungs into the hearts, brains and other organs of the foetuses. A new review paper published on Tuesday, co-authored by Vethaak, assessed cancer risk and concluded: “More detailed research on how micro-and nano-plastics affect the structures and processes of the human body, and whether and how they can transform cells and induce carcinogenesis, is urgently needed, particularly in light of the exponential increase in plastic production. The problem is becoming more urgent with each day.”

  • Now the mental health

  • Mental disorders include depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and other psychoses, dementia, and developmental disorders including autism.

  • our lifestyle is causing stress, anxiety depression, and dementia.

  • the lake of nature in our urban spaces causes increases in that

  • we are animals and we are part of nature but we consider we are not we believe we are superior to nature, our primaeval brain must be in touch with his mother, mother nature.

  • the stress of our lifestyle and the poor environment of our city with no nature is causing depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and other psychoses, dementia, and developmental disorders including autism.